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The Worm Lady - Chameleons

Facts About Chameleons

Chameleons' amazing colour-changing ability relies on tiny crystals called iridophores, found just under the surface of their skin, which change shape to reflect different wavelengths of light ... These crystals are like selective mirrors, which contract and expand when a chameleon is excited or stressed, and light will bounce on them only for specific wavelengths. The other wavelengths will not bounce on these cells.

The different colours are produced by the sizes of the crystals and their spacing under the skin. These crystals are very efficiently organized to create the chameleon's intense and pure colours.

A male chameleon will often change colour to impress a rival male, or to chase him away. It's basically a social display ...

Almost half of the world's chameleon population lives on the island of Madagascar with 59 species existing nowhere outside of the island.  Chameleons are famous for their ability to change colour.  This serves as a form of communication, and a response to temperature, light, and mood, as well as a defense against their predators.  Their eyes can rotate and swivel independently thus enabling them to see almost 360-degrees or to observe two things simultaneously, and their tongues can extent as long as their bodies, or longer. Chameleons can balance on a branch by gripping it with their claws and wrapping their tail around the branch, and can even sleep upside down! courtesy of

chameleon on stick
Chameleon lizards come in over 100 types differentiated mostly by size, habitat, and of course, colour – which they can quickly change in response to their mood and the immediate environment. Chameleons are lizards so insects and worms are a major part of their diets, with some greenery for variety.
chameleon on branch

Chameleon on a branch 

7 day old baby chameleon

7 day old baby chameleon 

8 day old baby chameleon

 8 day old baby chameleon

9 day old baby chameleon

9 day old baby chameleon 

Chameleon eats superworms only when they climb up the side of his viv ' 

'U guys are awesome with awesome quality feeders :) Here's a video of Willard eating your nice, fat, juicy superworms'.  

Jolene R. LaSalle, ON  

Thursday, February 20, 2014

Willard ... sleeping upside down! 

Our good customer, Jolene R. from LaSalle, Ontario, sent us this video today to let us know that her chameleon Willard is finally eating something else, besides his all-time favorite - silkworms!!!  He was a very fussy eater. He would only eat The Worm Lady's Silkworms, until now that is, and is now gobbling up our Superworms too.  

He will not eat them from his feeding dish buts he loves snatching them up as they crawl up the side of his enclosure.  

Way to go Jolene ... thanks for sharing your success story with us

Thursday, February 20th, 2014

Good morning ... Here are my thoughts lol ...

My name is Jolene Roy I am from Lasalle On ... And I think that the Worm Lady, Annie and Peter, have the best quality products with the greatest prices ever ... They deliver to your door or you can pick up, or you can even have them shipped ... They do all this just to keep the customers happy and I'd like to give them a big shout out there - that you guys are doing awesome, and keep it up:))  
I have ordered everything from crickets to Phoenix worms to silks, horns, wax worms, meal worms and butters ... you name it ... It's all about quality, quantity, and price ... and you guys got it ALL!!!!

My Bearded Dragon (Harley) and my Chameleon (Willard) say thank you for the great feeders ... thanks again guys!!

Jolene Roy ... LaSalle Ontario, 
Friday February 21st, 2014

Baby chameleons love our 1/4" crickets, silkworms and superworms too! 

Another good customer, Caitlin in Windsor, Ontario, says: 

"I love all your worms and crickets ... my chams are eating better and healthier, and now have a great variety of fantastic quality live feeders.  I was having a real hard time getting quality live feeders from my local pet stores at a reasonable price ... until I found you online just a couple of months ago! ... and you even deliver direct to my door.  I love you guys! ... I've learned sooo much from you! 

Thanks for your great service and all of the great advice you've given me.  I, and my chams, thank you so much! "

Caitlin Beaumont, Windsor Ontario

Saturday, May 17th, 2014

 Facts About MELLER's and PIGMY Chameleons 

6 Meller's and Pygmy Chameleon Care Tips 

Chameleon pets

Chameleons are often kept as pets and some care must be taken with their diet.  Chameleons can become bored and stop eating if they are given the same foods day after day so a range of different foods is absolutely essential to keep a chameleon in top health, condition and eating well.  Adult chameleons should not be fed too frequently either since they seem to need the challenge of being a bit hungry in order to keep them interested in eating.  Once every three days is usually quite sufficient. Juveniles or hatchlings, however, do need a constant supply of appropriate fresh foods.  Chameleons should not be fed insects you find around the house because they may have been exposed to dangerous insecticides. NEVER feed your chameleon insects like ladybugs or fireflies which are toxic to all reptiles.

Insecticide free feeder insects

Chameleons should only be fed insects which have been bred and raised specifically as feeders for exotic pets.  Don't try to feed dead insects to your cham.  If you happen to find an 'escapee' -- a feeder insect which seems to have escaped either the cham's enclosure or the feeders' container -- it is always best to dispose of it immediately.  It is quite possible that it may have been exposed to something that is toxic or poisonous to your cham.  

Be sure to regularly have a good look around your cham's entire enclosure for 'leftovers'... insects which had been put in for him to feed on a day or two ago but which has not been eaten as yet.  Insects like these will have been without food themselves and will provide little nutrition for your pet.  Instead, remove them.  Put them in a separate container and provide them with the appropriate food and moisture for two to three days.  If they are still healthy, then by all means, put them back in your cham's enclosure.  The fact that they remained uneaten, however, may be an indication that you are providing too much food at one time or are feeding too often.  

Allowing feeder insects to accumulate in the enclosure over time leads to poor hygiene in the cham's enclosure which will have a negative impact on your pet's  health and longevity.  

What Do Chameleons Eat?

In addition to ReptiWorms, silkworms, superworms, horn worms, waxworms, and butterworms (use with caution) some of the other insects and invertebrates you can feed your Chameleons include (remember to NEVER feed any item that has been 'found' or 'caught'):

  1. Praying mantises
  2. Dubai cockroaches, but NEVER 'found' or 'caught' roaches
  3. Wasps
  4. Worms, various species are suitable such as earthworms
  5. Flies, even house flies
  6. Slugs
  7. Crickets

Various types of chameleons

Most chameleon species have basically similar dietary requirements with differences depending on their habitat and natural range.  

In its natural environment, some large species of chameleon (such as the common chameleon,  found in Europe, Asia and northern Africa) are capable of catching other lizards and even small birds.  They are, however, mostly insectivorous, capturing insects by stealth and the very rapid extension of their tongue which has a terminal pad that grasps and adheres to their prey.  The adults are known to eat young chameleons and have also been seen eating fruit. 

The Jackson’s chameleon, commonly found in Kenya and Tanzania, lives primarily on a diet of small insects but eats just about anything it can catch including ants, butterflies and other lizards, fresh leaves, plant shoots and some fruit.  They are less territorial than most species of chameleons; males will generally assert dominance over each other through colour displays and posturing in an attempt to secure mating rights, but not to the point of physical fights.

The Veiled chameleon (Yemen Chameleon) native to the Middle East is an insectivore and has a fairly restricted diet of insects, mainly crickets, invertebrates, some vertebrates, and some vegetation, particularly acacia leaves during the dry season, for hydration.

Veiled chameleons are arborial, meaning they prefer living in trees, or in bushes and shrubs near to the ground, can live in dry areas and are found on plateaus of mountainous regions, forests and valleys of Southern Saudi Arabia and Yemen.  They are one of the few chameleon species which can tolerate wide temperature ranges - though preferring a range of 75 to 95 degrees F.

Smith's Dwarf Chameleon
The chameleon is a remarkable lizard for two reasons: its ability to change colour and its tongue.  Not all chameleons can change color but those who do can display a very wide range of coloration, from dull shades to brilliant pinks, blues, purples, yellows and several other colours.  In some species, the colour change is in response to the colour of their immediate surroundings; being able to camouflage in this way is a very valuable survival tool for chameleons.
Veiled chameleon

Male Veiled Chameleon 

The Smith’s Dwarf chameleon of South Africa is even able to regulate its colour according to the sight abilities of its predator snakes or birds.  These chameleons are all arborial although some small species live in low vegetation.  They climb to the tops of vegetation in the morning to bask in the sun and retreat into the bushes at night, often low to the ground and turn a pale-grey-white colour.

Colour changing

Most chameleons change from brown to green, and back, but some can turn almost any colour within as little as 20 seconds. 

Many people think chameleons change colour to blend in with their surroundings, but scientists disagree.  Their studies show that mood, light and temperature cause them to change colour.  Colour can be used by chameleons to regulate their body temperature, dark when it is cold - to absorb heat, and light in hot weather - to reflect heat, to make themselves more comfortable (Bearded Dragons also employ this ability), giving chameleons an advantage over most other reptiles since reptiles are unable to thermo-regulate. 

The chameleon's colour can also show it’s health, and in some cases also helps the lizard to communicate with other chameleons.

chameleon color change
chameleon blue color

The Chameleon's tongue

The chameleon’s tongue is a highly specialized structure which is from one and a half to two times the length of the lizard’s body, not including its tail, with the smaller species having longer tongues.  Chameleons are able to shoot their tongues out over that distance in less than 0.01 seconds, with a fast retracting action, ensuring the prey does not escape.  This enables them to catch fast moving prey like mosquitoes and flies more easily.  'Black Soldier Flies' are a great live feeder for chameleons as they provide natural lauric acid.  Lauric acid is known for its excellent antimicrobial properties including potent activity against lipid coated viruses, clostridium and pathogenic protozoa including coccidia.  

Phoenix Worms and Black Soldier Flies should be a part of your chameleon's weekly diet of live feeders

chameleon's tongue stretching twice its body lenghth
A chameleon’s tongue can extend up to twice it’s body length to capture it's food.

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 Chameleon Facts | Chameleon Diet from The Worm Lady

What Do Lizards Eat?

Lizards are very fascinating reptiles and their diets are also quite fascinating.  At present there are about 3,500 species of lizards that are alive on the planet.  Each one has different feeding habits, depending on habitat and the species involved.  There are at least four different categories that lizards can fit into: Omnivorous, insectivorouscarnivorous and herbivorous.  These are the four classifications in which most lizards can be placed based mostly on their diet.  Each category has a different species that will be discussed here.
Omnivorous lizards

The omnivorous group is definitely the largest group of lizards.  Species include racerunners, whiptails and bearded dragons. Omnivorous lizards feed on carrion, pollen, insects, fruits, rodents and plants.  The Philippine gray monitor, as an example, feeds on animals and insects as well as plant matter.

Insectivorous lizards

Lizards in this category include chameleonsgeckos, horned lizards and alligator lizards.  These eat antsgrasshoppers, locusts, butter worms, crickets, meal worms and other small insects and larvae.  They are quite good at insect control, naturally, and will eat almost any insect that crosses their path or comes their way.

Carnivorous lizards

These lizards include, for example, the Komodo dragons and monitor lizards.  These are hunters who tend to feed on insects, other lizard species, snakes and small animals.  In captivity they will eat chicken, fish, rats, mice and other small animals.

Herbivorous lizards

These types of lizards include iguanas, chuckwallas, and spiny-tailed agamid.  They will eat pollen, leaves, plants and fruits.  The desert species can also eat cactus.  Captive lizards of this type will eat such foods as peaches, tofu, papaya and other fruits. They should not however be fed insects, as this will lead to health problems.

 Their diet varies

Knowing what lizards will eat, both in the wild and in captivity, can be truly interesting to say the very least, and really important for anyone keeping and/or rearing these reptiles as pets.  Some lizards like the Komodo dragon will eat large wild beasts and they are the only species in the lizard family that actually do so.  The lizards' diets are varied from species to species and can be interesting to study, especially if a captive lizard is held, and the owner wants to have the correct knowledge in order to provide proper nutrition with a suitable and properly balanced diet. 

'Variety is the Spice of Life', as the saying goes, and that certainly is true regarding your chameleon lizard diet

Don't make the mistake so many chameleon owners make in only feeding two or three live feeders to their pet reptile.  Always try to give your chameleon a good variety and a good mix of healthy foods. VARIETY is the proper approach in giving your chameleon a balanced diet

See our 'Feeding Chart' to learn which insects are appropriate for your species of chameleon. ( Feeding Chart )

Other species of lizards

  1. Skinks

  2. Anoles


Contact The Worm Lady to buy the best High-Quality live feeder insects for your pet anoles



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 Best live Feeders for your CHAMELEON

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The Worm Lady  Chameleon Facts 

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